Teen Immunizations Needs

Routine immunization schedules are usually known to be given to infants or toddlers. But it was not in infants, adolescents also require both routine immunization and immunization are given for special circumstances. Any immunizations? 

Here are 4 aliases immunization vaccines recommended by the Centers For Disease Control and Their Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for all adolescents, as reported by About.com: 

1. Tdap Vaccine 
Tdap is a vaccine for tetanus, diphtheria toxoids and acellular pertussis. In addition to the tetanus vaccine, this vaccine also protects against diphtheria and pertussis. This is due to pertussis (whooping cough) increased among adolescents. Tdap vaccine is recommended for adolescents ages 11 to 12 years. 

2. Meningococcal Vaccine 
Meningococcal vaccine is developed to protect adolescents against bacterial meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is a serious infection of the brain and spinal cord that kills about 10 to 15 percent of infected people, even with antibiotic treatment. The vaccine is also routinely given to adolescent’s ages 11 to 12 years. 

3. Vaccine Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) 
HPV vaccine is indicated for all women from ages 9 to 26 years. This vaccine protects against HPV, the virus that causes cervical cancer and genital warts (genital skin). 

4. Influenza vaccine 
Flu vaccination is now recommended for all children from age 6 months to 18 years. In Indonesia, this vaccine is usually given at any time (do not rely season) that can be given routinely once a year. 

While the vaccine may be needed teen choice in accordance with chronic health problems or other factors, pediatricians will usually recommend the following vaccines: 

1. Hepatitis A vaccine 
The vaccine used to protect against hepatitis A. Two doses of vaccine given at least 6 months apart to provide protection against heart disease. Teens who live in areas with a large number of cases of hepatitis A should be vaccinated. In addition, teenagers who travel to certain countries also should get this vaccine. 

2. Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) 
Pneumococcal disease can cause pneumonia, meningitis or bacteremia. The vaccine is not routinely given to teenagers mostly. Teens who may need this vaccine is a teenager with certain chronic conditions, such as sickle red blood cell disease, diabetes, chronic heart disease or chronic lung disease.


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