How to Make Brilliant Brain

The brain is one of the important parts of your body because it contains a variety of the central governing body. But there are easy ways you can do to help nourish the brain so that it remains bright and brilliant.

To create a healthy brain needs food intake can increase the brain and do some exercises or activities that can maintain cognitive function of the brain.

Here are some easy ways you can do to nourish the organs of the brain, as quoted from the LIVESTRONG, namely:

Providing good food for the brain
More than half of the brain consists of fat, so fat is needed by the brain to maintain the sharpness of thinking and functioning properly.

Fat is needed, such as omega-3 fatty acids are important for brain function and cognitive development, as well as the use of good fats such as olive or canola oil.

Besides fat, green vegetables can also help protect the brain from Alzheimer's disease and dementia (senility). Based on a 2009 study published in the journal Archives of Neurology showing that spinach and other green vegetables that contain folic could ward off dementia and other cognitive impairment conditions.

Food and other beverages that can improve brain performance are blueberries, blackberries, purple grape juice, apples, cinnamon and vegetables such as broccoli and cauliflower.

Flex brain
Dr Gayatri Devi as the neurologist to perform a variety of activities that can stimulate other parts of the brain that lead to better cognitive health and comprehensive.

Activities that can be done are to do sudoku, and then switched to math problems, listening to classical music, dance, play tennis or socializing with people. Various activities will keep the brain well and train the brain to not just one part active.

Doing sports
Dr. Devi said one way to create a healthy brain is through exercise or sports, because exercise can make the body work properly and better cognitive function.

By getting a good physical activity will increase the intake of oxygen in the brain, brain cells maintain and enhance the growth of new nerve cells. Do aerobic exercise regimen 3-5 times a week.

Types of Industrial Waste that Can Pollute the Groundwater

The biggest contributor to groundwater pollution is industries, through the waste it generates. For humans, the types of pollutants contained in industrial waste even more dangerous than pollution by bacteria. What are the dangers?

The direct impact of water pollution is usually a digestive disorder such as diarrhea or dysentery. As for the long term, pollutants that contaminate the water can accumulate and lead to more serious effects include changes in chromosomes and impaired intelligence.

Compared with biological pollutants such as bacteria and fungi, the source of pollution from industrial waste is usually more dangerous because many can accumulate in the body. Long-term impact due to the accumulation of toxins can also affect the next generation.

If not treated properly, industrial wastes can pollute surrounding waters. Toxins can be absorbed into the soil and contaminate ground water, or if it flowed into the river it could pollute surface water such as lakes or the sea into the river estuary.

The types of toxins in the waste that often pollute the water industry are as follows, as quoted from the

Asbestos fibers is one of the most dangerous pollutant because it is a carcinogen or trigger cancer. When inhaled or swallowed with ground water, these compounds can cause asbestosis or respiration tract inflammation due to asbestos, lung cancer, colon cancer and liver cancer.

Lead and Mercury
Both include heavy metals that cannot decompose naturally, making it difficult to clean if it is polluting the waters. For humans and animals, heavy metals can accumulate and disrupt the function of enzymes in the body. Impacts include disruption of physical growth and intelligence problems.

Phosphate and Nitrate
Excessive use of fertilizer in the agricultural industry could trigger phosphate and nitrate pollution in the waters nearby. Impact is a boom in algae due to eutrophication or increase in nutrients that reduce water quality.

Other waste produced by industrial agriculture are pesticides, such as DDT. In addition to accumulating in plant tissue where is, this waste also contaminate groundwater and can lead to chromosomal changes that impact on genetic mutations in the next generation.

Meanwhile, the chairman of the Department of Environmental Health School of Public Health University of Indonesia, Dr R Budi Haryanto, SKM, M. Kes, MSc recommend testing this community groundwater quality in order to avoid unwanted risks. According to him, there are many competent institution of such testing as related to the health department or college that has a chemical laboratory analysis.

"The requirement of the Ministry of Health is the water consumed should be free from biological contaminants, chemical and physical. People can test all three laboratories and a package price is probably around 100 thousand," he said.

Brain Cells Activity Changed Due to Phone

Activities of brain cells may change due to the use of mobile phones (mobile phones) are too long attached to the ear. Weak electromagnetic radiation from mobile phones can affect the activity of cells in the brain.

Scientists from the National Institutes of Health U.S. found that time spent 50 minutes with a cellular phone attached to the ear is enough to alter brain cell activity in the part closest to the antenna device.

"What we found is the metabolism of glucose (a sign of brain activity) will be increased in brain regions closest to the mobile phone antenna," said Dr. Nora Volkow of the NIH, as quoted by Reuters.

The study was conducted to understand how the brain reacts to electromagnetic fields generated by mobile phone signals. Volkow said that he was quite surprised because of weak electromagnetic radiation from mobile phones can affect the activity of cells in the brain.

Volkow and team studied 47 participants who at the time his brain was scanned using a cell phone for 50 minutes and when the phone is turned off.

Researchers found an increase of about 7 percent of glucose metabolism in brain regions closest to the antenna the phone when the phone is in use. The results of this study have been published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

The use of mobile phones has increased dramatically and is estimated there are about 5 billion phones in use worldwide. Although the phone is often linked with risk of brain cancer, but there is no conclusive evidence about it.

"It takes further studies to determine whether the signal from this phone has a direct influence on the metabolism of cells in the brain, and investigated whether these effects could affect one's health," says Professor Patrick Haggard of University College London.

Although not known with certainty whether this could pose a risk or not, but should someone not too old cell phone pressed to his ear.

Do not Ignore Sore Throat

Sore throat or pharyngitis is an inflammatory disease that attacks the trachea. The disease is often called a sore throat is characterized by a thickening or swelling of the throat wall, reddish, there are white spots, accompanied by pain swallowing.

Sore throat can be caused by viral or bacterial infection, accompanied by a weak immune system. Treatment with antibiotics is only effective on the inflammation caused by germs.

For a mild case of strep throat, sometimes eating healthy foods like vegetables with fruits rich in vitamins can help relieve inflammation. Symptoms of strep throat often foreshadow the flu or a cold.

Sore Throat or Pharyngitis are of two kinds, namely acute and chronic:

1. Acute Pharyngitis.
Sore throat is still new, with symptoms of sore throat and sometimes accompanied by fever and cough.

2. Chronic pharyngitis.
Sore throat that has lasted for a long time, usually not accompanied by pain in swallowing, there is something just feels a lump in the throat.

Causes of Sore Throat
  • Virus, about 80 percent of sore throats caused by viruses that can cause fever
  • Coughs and colds or phlegm (mucus) to make throat irritation.
  • Coxsackie virus (hand, foot and mouth disease).
  • Allergies can also cause mild irritation of the throat that are chronic (permanent).
  • Streptococcal bacteria. Can be identified by throat culture. This test is generally performed in the laboratory using the patient's throat. And, the classic symptoms of strep bacteria such as severe pain on swallowing, visible white spots, vomiting, ulcers in thyroid gland, accompanied by enlargement of thyroid gland.
  • Diphtheria
  • Smoking.
Symptoms of Sore Throat
Both the viral and bacterial infections, similar symptoms are sore throat and painful swallowing. Mucous membrane lining the throat that experience severe or mild inflammation of the membranes will be closed whitish or remove the pus.

Other Symptoms
  • Fever
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck
  • Increased number of white blood cells.
  • These symptoms can be found in infection due to viruses or bacteria, but rather a symptom typical for infection with bacteria.
Identifying Causes of Sore Throat
In mild cases due to viral infection do not have to go to the doctor because given enough pain medication or fever. In certain cases not caused by a virus may be necessary doctor's examination.

Before giving medication, it is very important for doctors to find the cause of strep throat in order to establish the correct diagnosis with the aim of avoiding inappropriate antibiotic treatment for most patients with strep throat because it can lead to organisms that are resistant to antibiotics.

Throat Infections Antibiotics Not Must Therapy
For throat infections a high fever, runny nose or mucus that is green or yellow is a symptom of travel viral infections, most doctors often give antibiotic therapy. Though these conditions are not indicative of antibiotics. Except for cases with high fever, at the time of day to 3-5 can be considered administration of antibiotics.

Before performing the treatment or prescribe medication, it is important we know the cause of strep throat in order to prevent inappropriate antibiotic treatment, which often occurs in cases of strep throat because it can lead to germs that are resistant to antibiotics.

To find out the cause of sore throat should be careful examination of the throat and lymph nodes in the neck. Furthermore, with the throat swab test to determine the presence or absence of bacteria. These laboratory tests should be done if there is a suspicion diagnosis of strep throat caused by streptococcal bacteria on the basis of clinical and epidemiological findings, and patients not taking antibiotics.

In addition, also needs examination sensitivity to antibiotics in patients allergic to penicillin because of the streptococcus bacteria are resistant to erythromycin.

Do not let the patient take antibiotics before he learned how the immune body and also should be checked for strep throat he sustained to the doctor to determine the severity of disease. When strep throat is caused by allergies, the patient should always keep the body still excellent must not drink and eat-drink-food that makes the throat sore.

Most of the cases, these complaints will subside by itself. To help ease the pain, the doctor usually provides pain reliever medicine that nature. For example, acetaminophen (paracetamol) or ibuprofen can help relieve the pain and fever. Gargling with warm salt water can also help. It could also mouthwash anesthetic or anesthetic throat gargle.

FDA (Food and Drug Administration) or food and drug supervision agency U.S. takes note, that the mouthwash Chlorhexidine gluconate (CG), the results of clinical trials have antimicrobial activity for oral or mouth rinsing. The results, from microbial plaque samples studied, have demonstrated reduction in the number of bacteria in general, both aerobic and anaerobic in the range 54-97 per cent during the use of CG.

In addition, the use of CG as an oral rinse for 6 months did not show any real change in the resistance of bacteria, excessive growth of organisms potentially just opportunistic or other changes in the oral microbial ecosystem. And, three months after discontinued use of CG. Many bacteria in plaque that returned to base line level, - not resistens plaque bacteria. Therefore, CG can be used as an alternative to relieve sore throat and canker sores.

Complications do not be underestimated.
Sore throat is often ignored, because in general mild. Whereas in most cases, around 10-20 percent if left to drag on, this inflammation can trigger the emergence of other diseases. Almost everyone has experienced sore throat. However, not many doctors who checked into his throat before pain becomes severe. In fact, patients usually just go to the doctor when severe inflammation or almost no longer able to swallow food.

Sore throat is not really a disease name, but only a symptom of various diseases that arise. In medical terminology, commonly called strep throat with a sore throat or Pharyngitis. Complaints that appears varies, from just itching in the throat to severe pain that feels painful to swallow. Not until there alone, stress and overwork can weaken the immune system and trigger a throat infection. The cause of strep throat has a variety of other viral infections, bacterial infections, allergies and irritants.

Pharyngitis due to viruses and bacteria can be spread through saliva, which spreads when coughing (droplet infection) or by hand or personal items contaminated patients. The average incubation period of 2-5 days strep throat. However, if caused by a virus, incubation period ranges from 3 days to 2 weeks. Infections caused by influenza viruses are highly contagious and easily spread. In this condition, inflammation lasts about three to ten days. Typically, inflammation was more severe in the morning and will improve with the day.

Usually accompanied by a sense of weakness, decreased appetite, fever, and cough. Sore throat is also found in other viral infections such as boils and measles. The body needs a week to build up antibodies to destroy the viruses. Infectious Mononucleosis or Mono is commonly caused by virus called Epstein Barr, and requires a longer time to recover. Virus this affects the lymphatic system, causing enlargement of the tonsils and white patches appear on the surface. In addition, there is also swelling of the vessels in the neck.

Such infection usually causes a severe sore throat, thus making the patient have difficulty breathing. This virus also causes fatigue that can last more than six weeks. Sometimes this virus also attacks the liver and causes jaundice. Although given the nickname Mono Kissing Disease, he not only can be transmitted through saliva. Transmission can also occur from mouth to hand, then from hand to mouth or from the use of towels or cutlery together.

For bacteria, the most common and most serious in terms of complication is the group A streptococcus betahemolitis. This bacterium causes strep throat disease and is associated with valve damage in the heart (rheumatic fever) and kidneys (nephritis), tonsillitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, and ear infections. Another cause of sore throat is the larynges-pharyngeal reflux (LPR). In allergy sufferers typically experience pain in the throat in the morning when stomach acid rises to the top and into the back of the throat. At the throat feels a lump and sour taste. Patients often spend phlegm to clear the throat.

Therefore, it would be wise if patients and physicians, to not ignore or condone painful sore throat is severe enough to cause complications.

Prof. dr. Helmi, SpTHT-KL (K)
This paper was also published in the Journal of Medicinal Medical Indonesia

Afternoon Sleep Really Make You Fat?

Many people are afraid to take a nap because it is considered as a trigger weight gain. Really quick nap make people fat?

This assumption is related to the habits of people who take a nap after lunch. There is a myth put calories after lunch will accumulate into fat if you take a nap.

But it turns out so far investigators have not found an association of obesity with a nap. What is clear is that long siesta habit is to make the body does not move, so calories are burned a little.

To note, according to a family health doctor from Virginia, as reported by Kristie Leong MD HealthMad, the duration should not nap longer than 30 minutes.

Nap too long, or more than 30 minutes result will actually make feel sleepy all day. So do not moving the body so that calories in the body so it does not burn.

Instead according to Dr. Leong, a nap in a short duration (30 minutes) actually has many benefits. One of them replaces the less sleep at night for those who often work overtime, although certainly not as good quality sleep at night.

Napping does not mean increasing sleep time, a significant amount of overall sleep in one day is still within reasonable limits, i.e. 6-7 hours a day for adults.

Napping in the short duration also helps keep the stress hormone cortisol levels, so that the mind will be more refreshed upon awakening. With low levels of stress actually good for preventing weight gain.

Proper nap will also make the digestive system gets enough blood supply than when active.

But take a nap should not be done immediately after lunch but the wait 1-2 hours. Nap immediately after eating even so diseases such as digestive disorders including gastric acid reflux.

As for patients with gastric acid reflux, take a nap immediately after eating will make his condition worse. Horizontal body position when lying down to make gastric acid easily turned toward the mouth, and then trigger pain in the chest and larynx.

In addition, people whose jobs require extra vigilance is also not recommended height for a nap after eating. Nap with a full stomach to some extent will reduce the level of alertness after waking.

5 Foods That Help You Sleep

Should you let yourself have that midnight snack if you're having trouble sleeping and you think hunger might be part of the problem? Here are five foods that can actually help you drift off:

Can't Get a Good Night's Sleep? 5 Surprising Reasons

1. Cherries. Fresh and dried cherries are one of the only natural food sources of melatonin, the chemical that controls the body's internal clock to regulate sleep. Researchers who tested tart cherries and found high levels of melatonin recommend eating them an hour before bedtime or before a trip when you want to sleep on the plane.

2. Bananas. Potassium and magnesium are natural muscle relaxants, and bananas are a good source of both. They also contain the amino acid L-tryptophan, which gets converted to 5-HTP in the brain. The 5-HTP in turn is converted to serotonin (a relaxing neurotransmitter) and melatonin.

3. Toast. Carbohydrate-rich foods trigger insulin production, which induces sleep by speeding up the release of tryptophan and serotonin, two brain chemicals that relax you and send you to sleep..

4. Oatmeal. Like toast, a bowl of oatmeal triggers a rise in blood sugar, which in turn triggers insulin production and the release of sleep-inducing brain chemicals. Oats are also rich in melatonin, which many people take as a sleep aid..

5. Warm milk. Like bananas, milk contains the amino acid L-tryptophan, which turns to 5-HTP and releases relaxing serotonin. It's also high in calcium, which promotes sleep.

Condition The House is Right for Child Allergies

Allergies often occur in children especially when their immune low. But despite having allergies does not mean children cannot live healthy, one with respect to housing conditions.

Allergy comes from the Greek, namely Allon argon, which means a different reaction or deviate from normal to various stimuli or substances from outside the body such as to food, dust and mites, animals, drugs, smoke cigarettes and so forth.

Three main things to be done for children who are allergic to stay healthy and normal life, namely:

  1.  Avoiding triggers and improves the environment
  2. Seeking medical help
  3. Immunological therapy

 Besides the most common child food allergy dust and damp air. But by cleaning the house and keep the goods can be allergen, and then it does not matter.

Here are some ways to stay healthy child despite suffering from allergies:
  1. Replace table cloths, curtains, sarongs chairs and other equipment with a material that is easily cleaned.
  2. Limit your house decoration as little as possible or choose an easy to clean.
  3. Do not carry a piece or arrangement of flowers into the house, because pollen can trigger allergies.
  1. Do not use carpet, better use floor tiles or wood flooring.
  2. If you want to use the carpet, then select a short-haired and frequently cleaned. However, advisable not to use carpet.
  1. Use pillow and mattress made from Dacron spring bed (not cotton)
  2. Pillow cases and sheets are easily washed cotton
  3. Wash your pillowcases, blankets, and sheets regularly use detergent and warm water
  4. Try to be washed clean as possible without leaving detergent on the material
  5. Keep the bedroom to get sunlight or humidity less than 50, due to house dust mites and mold it difficult to grow in the area.
  1. Avoid mushrooms with the emergence of cleaning the shower curtain
  2. Use good ventilation for aeration in the room
  3. Dry the damp areas in the room.
  1. Easily arise because of the atmosphere moist mushrooms
  2. Clean shower curtains
  3. Use good ventilation for aeration in the room
  4. Dry the damp areas in the room
  5. Refrigerator must be cleaned frequently.

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